Osteoporosis is a bone disease best described as "porous bones". Bones are living tissue, constantly being rebuilt. With osteoporosis, the rate of bone loss is greater than that of bone rebuilding, causing thin, porous bones that break easily. More than 28 million Americans have osteoporosis or are at high risk of developing it.
Osteoporosis can be painless in its early stages and most people are completely unaware of the condition until a fracture occurs making a preventative HealthSmart osteoporsis screening a wise decision.
Controllable risk factors include:
- Excessive alcohol use
- Low calcium diet
- Little or no weight-bearing exercise
Uncontrollable risk factors include:
- Age. The older you are, the greater your risk of osteoporosis.
- Gender. Your chances of developing osteoporosis are greater if you are a woman.
- Family History and Personal History of Fractures as an Adult.
- Race. Caucasian and Asian women are more likely to develop osteoporosis.
- Bone Structure and Body Weight. Small-boned and thin women are at greater risk.